Taxis can often be persuaded to do long runs such as Khiva-Bukhara and offer decreased time of travel. Bargain the opening price down to a sensible figure and agree on petrol costs. These taxis/private cars wait outside bus or train stations and depart with a full carload - four people, or at least four fares, so for additional comfort pay for the extra seats. Hitch-hiking is a distinct possibility, but is almost always paid. It is again safer to establish a fare at the beginning of a ride. Potential pit-stops at a relative's house for liquid refreshment are implicit.
City transport is easiest by taxi or metro but, armed with a city map and a smattering of Russian or Uzbek city buses, trolley buses, trams and marshrutnoe taxis (numbered minibuses which follow set routes and guarantee a seat) open up local life and offer a cheap and cheerful way to get around.
The main long-distance bus station is the Tashkent Avtovokzal (Tashkent Bus Station), five minutes walk through a bazaar from Olmozor Metro (western terminals of the Chilanzar metro line). The further the destination, the less frequent the buses, so consider buying tickets a day in advance. Particularly for inter-republic travel (e.g. Turkmenistan), the ticket seller may request you first register with the station police upstairs. If you miss the last scheduled bus (usually late afternoon) to popular destination like Samarkand or Andijan, try a night bus from in front of Yuzhni Vokzal (South Train Station).
Ticket buying often requires outstanding patience. Check the information on the ticket window to ensure it sells tickets to your destination and that the next office break is a few hours away. First class tickets are for the 'soft' car (myagkiy vagon) lux means a two-berth compartment. Four-berth (kupeyniy) can be soft or second class hard (zhostkiy). Third class (platskartniy), an open carriage with hard seats that change into bunks. Fourth class (obshchiy) offers benches and little else. Tashkent Vokzal, officially the Saevernay (North) Vokzal, is the station for north-bound trains to Russia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, plus various departures to Turkmenistan and the Fergana Valley. It is south of the city center (metro stop Tashkent).